Most of the Pacific zone is tierra caliente, the "hot land" of tropical Spanish America at elevations under 610 metres (2,000 ft). ISBN 978-0-367-36463-2 Follow @ecojpr. Their chief was named Nicarao. The rift is occupied in part by the largest freshwater lakes in Central America: Lago de Managua (56 kilometers long and 24 kilometers wide) and Lago de Nicaragua (about 160 kilometers long and 75 kilometers wide). Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. Government of Nicaragua. Despite these goals, however, subsequent Nicaraguan elections have been marred with corruption and in 2006 Daniel Ortega ​Saavdra, an FSLN candidate, was elected. Daytime averages in this region are 22 to 24 °C (71.6 to 75.2 °F), with nighttime lows below 15 °C (59 °F). These two lakes are joined by the Río Tipitapa, which flows south into Lago de Nicaragua. The soil is generally leached and infertile. Nicaragua is known for its biodiversity because rainforest covers 7,722 square miles (20,000 sq km) of the country's Caribbean lowlands. The triangular area known as the central highlands lies northeast and east of the Pacific lowlands. Their objective for Nicaragua.com is to create a best of breed site that provides information about "all things Nicaragua". Area: gale. This line is highest in the central portion near the cities of León and Managua. The tierra templada, or the "temperate land," is characteristic of most of the central highlands, where elevations range between 750 and 1,600 meters (2,461 and 5,249 ft).The "cold land" at elevations above 1,600 meters (5,249 ft), is found only on and near the highest peaks of the central highlands. Nicaragua. Transportation and Geography; 2. Its overall score has decreased by 0.5 point due to a drop in the fiscal health score. It is slightly larger than New York State. Before 1855, however, it was an obscure village. River bank agricultural plots are often heavily damaged, and considerable numbers of savanna animals die during these floods. To the east lies the Caribbean, and to the west the Pacific. These lowlands are densely populated and well cultivated. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. The country can be divided into roughly three physiographic regions, the Pacific lowlands, central highlands, and the Caribbean highlands. Shortly thereafter, the FSLN formed a dictatorship under leader Daniel Ortega. There's a reason why I'm wearing that purple hat....Check out http://www.GeographyNow.com ! These rugged mountains are composed of ridges 900 to 1,809 meters high and a mixed forest of oak and pine alternating with deep valleys that drain primarily toward the Caribbean. Following its independence, Nicaragua underwent frequent civil wars as rival political groups struggled for power. 10,380 km2, Southernmost point: Trinidad, Río San Juan, Westernmost point: Pacific coast at Gulf of Fonseca, Chinandega Department, Easternmost point: Miskito Cays archipelago, North Caribbean Coast Autonomous RegionLowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mHighest point: Mogotón 2,438 m, Land use: The relatively dry western slopes of the central highlands, protected by the ridges of the highlands from the moist winds of the Caribbean, have drawn farmers from the Pacific region since colonial times. The Republic of Nicaragua covers a total land area of 50,193 square miles and is the largest country in Central America. As such, Nicaragua is home to large cats like the jaguar and cougar, as well as primates, insects, and a plethora of different plants. Surrounding the lakes and extending northwest of them along the rift valley to the Golfo de Fonseca are fertile lowland plains highly enriched with volcanic ash from nearby volcanoes. In 1979, there was an uprising by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and the Somoza family's time in office ended. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in square kilometers. It currently faces deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution. The Nicaragua Canal Project. Largest but most sparsely populated of the Central American nations, Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Almost 20 percent of the country is part of the Pacific region. The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions : the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST ). Its economy is based mainly on agriculture and industry, with its top industrial products being food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, and wood. Nicaragua's capital, Managua, has warm temperatures year-round that hover around 88 degrees (31˚C). Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Nicaragua is located in Central America to the south of Honduras and to the north of Costa Rica. Transportation and Spatial Structure 99.7.143.169 05:20, 1 March 2010 (UTC)Bold textNicaragua was the very first country ever! In 1985, an embargo was also placed on trade between the two countries. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: the Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. The high winds and floods, accompanying these storms often cause considerable destruction of property. Nicaragua: Departments - Map Quiz Game: Nicaragua is divided into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions. It has an executive branch made … Nicaragua - Nicaragua - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing engage as much as one-third of the labour force and produce about one-fifth of the total national income. Temperature varies little with the seasons in Nicaragua and is largely a function of elevation. However, Nicaragua was hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and it was hit hard. Managua. The local people call themselves Nicas, while outsiders call them Nicaraguans. land: Very few significant streams flow west to the Pacific Ocean. He attempted to keep strong ties with the U.S. and his two sons succeeded him in office. This quiz game will help you memorize their names and locations. These peaks lie just west of a large crustal fracture or structural rift that forms a long, narrow depression passing southeast across the isthmus from the Golfo de Fonseca to the Río San Juan. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Photos and information about the volcanoes in Nicaragua, Federal Republic of Central America (1823–1838), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Nicaragua&oldid=991926246, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:35. Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Geography Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Pacific Volcanic Chain. Nicaragua covers a total area of 130,370 square kilometers (119,990 square kilometers of which is land area) and contains a variety of climates and terrains. It is contained by Central America, South America, and the West Indies, and lends its name to the areas of land surrounding it. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. Cobbleroad to El Sauce.JPG 2,048 × 1,536; 392 KB. Today Nicaragua's government is considered a republic. Nicaragua, as the largest Central American country, is even home to the largest body of freshwater in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua. The Caribbean lowlands are the wettest section of Central America, receiving between 2,500 and 6,500 millimeters (98.4 and 255.9 in) of rain annually. In addition, heavy rains (called papagayo storms) accompanying the passage of a cold front or a low-pressure area may sweep from the north through both eastern and western Nicaragua (particularly the rift valley) from November through March. Mean annual precipitation for the rift valley and western slopes of the highlands ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 millimeters (39.4 to 59.1 in). Managua. Nicaragua is subject to destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasionally severe hurricanes. Nicaragua Brief History of Nicaragua:. Those that do are steep, short, and flow intermittently. Nicaragua covers a total area of 130,370 square kilometers (119,990 square kilometers of which is land area) and contains a variety of climates and terrains. 119,254 km2 No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2020 information contained here. After more instability in the later 2000s, Honduras today is considered a democratic … other: This page has some serious problems. Today Nicaragua's government is considered a republic. Hundreds of shocks occur each year, some of which cause severe damage. The climate of Nicaragua is considered tropical in its lowlands with cool temperatures at its higher elevations. Pine and palm savannas predominate as far south as the Laguna de Perlas. More directly west of the lake region is a narrow line of ash-covered hills and volcanoes that separate the lakes from the Pacific Ocean. Nicaragua, as the largest Central American country, is even home to the largest body of freshwater in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua. In 1909, the United States intervened in the country after hostilities grew between Conservatives and Liberals due to plans to build a trans-isthmian canal. 14.57% The Geography of Nicaragua. Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity of Nicaragua, The Nicaraguan Revolution: History and Impact, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Rainfall is seasonal—May through October is the rainy season, and December through April is the driest period. M. Maps of Nicaragua; Media in category "Geography of Nicaragua" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. Contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. water: The coast is also subject to destructive tropical storms and hurricanes, particularly from July through October. arable land: Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in square kilometers. In 1990 due to pressure from within and outside of Nicaragua, Ortega's regime agreed to hold elections in February of that year. In 1996, there was another election and the former mayor of Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency. Rainfall varies greatly in Nicaragua. Nicaragua is bounded by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Given the country's position in Central America, many of the departments are coastal, including a string of them along the nation's western edge that includes Chinandega, León, Managua, and others. This sea is a popular tourist destination for people who come to see its clear blue waters, coral reefs, and tropical islands. Map of Nicaragua Area Total 129,494 km2 Land 120,254 km2 Water From 1912 to 1933, the U.S. had troops in the country to prevent hostile actions toward Americans working on the canal there. Temperatures remain virtually constant throughout the year, with highs ranging between 29.4 and 32.2 °C (85 and 90 °F). During the rainy season, Eastern Nicaragua is subject to heavy flooding along the upper and middle reaches of all major rivers. Geography Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (PCL) ... Nicaragua.com Nicaragua.com is owned and operated by Paley Media. The Nicaragua Canal Project. This is a large sea that makes up the east coast of Nicaragua. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Nicaragua is a large country located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Exclusive economic zone: 123,881 km2 (47,831 sq mi). On the Pacific side of the country, there is a narrow coastal plain dotted with volcanoes. Most of the area is flat, except for a line of young volcanoes, many of which are still active, running between the Golfo de Fonseca and Lago de Nicaragua. Located on the southern shores of Lake Managua, the city's site had been an ancient Indian settlement of the Chorotega called Manahuec. Europeans did not arrive in Nicaragua until 1524 when Hernandez de Cordoba founded Spanish settlements there. Economy of Nicaragua. Government. 130,370 km2 food , culture, eduacation, homes, and family ways of living. ), Total renewable water resources:' Beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and lobster are also large industries in Nicaragua.​. The "hot land" is characteristic of the foothills and lowlands from sea level to about 750 meters (2,461 ft) of elevation. These lowlands are a hot, humid area that includes coastal plains, the eastern spurs of the central highlands, and the lower portion of the Río San Juan basin. Nicaragua's judicial branch consists of a Supreme Court. permanent crops: total: This route was considered as a possible alternative to the Panama Canal at various times in the past. In 1821, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain. Nicaragua is divided into 15 departments and two autonomous regions for local administration. It has an executive branch made up of a chief of state and a head of government, both of which are filled by the president and a legislative branch comprised of a unicameral National Assembly. physical features of Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. mi) making it the region's biggest country. Because Western Nicaragua is located where two major tectonic plates collide, it is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. If you are trying to find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W. National GDP: $18,880,000,000 Hurricanes or heavy rains in the central highlands where agriculture has destroyed much of the natural vegetation also cause considerable crop damage and soil erosion. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro won the election. During Chamorro's time in office, Nicaragua moved toward creating a more democratic government, stabilizing the economy and improving human rights issues that had occurred during Ortega's time in office. Lago de Nicaragua in turn drains into the Río San Juan (the boundary between Nicaragua and Costa Rica), which flows through the southern part of the rift lowlands to the Caribbean Sea. Nicaragua's main crops are coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, and beans. It has two coastlines; the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. A very special and divers group of people inhabit the great country of Nicaragua. The Caribbean lowlands are sometimes considered synonymous with the former department of Zelaya, which is now divided into the North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte, RACCN) and the South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Sur, RACCS) and constitutes about 45 percent of Nicaragua's territory. The Pacific lowlands extend about 75 kilometers inland from the Pacific coast. The Geography of Transport Systems FIFTH EDITION Jean-Paul Rodrigue (2020), New York: Routledge, 456 pages. The valleys of the western central mountains yield about one-fourth of the national agricultural production. Table of Contents. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/nicaragua The Pacific lowlands extend about 75 km inland from the coast. Please Help this Page. 1. There have been widespread protests against a corrupt government and these are sometimes met with force. It is at this precise location on the globe that you will find the amazing coastal plains, interior mountains, old volcanoes and the narrow pacific coastal plain that is known … Its terrain is mostly coastal plains that eventually rise up to interior mountains. A volcanic … 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: This interesting location causes Nicaragua to have great biodiversity and also mountains, volcanoes, beaches, lakes and other features. km (50,340 sq. The eastern Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua form the extensive and exaggerated (occupying more than 50 percent of national territory) and still sparsely settled lowland area known as the Costa de Mosquitos (Miskito Coast). Near the coast, where river courses widen and river banks and natural levees are low, floodwaters spill over onto the floodplains until large sections of the lowlands become continuous sheets of water. Nicaragua is located in the center of America, in an area that divides the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The capital city of Managua was virtually destroyed in 1931 and again in 1972. You asked for merch so we made it for you! Territorial sea: 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) The eastern slopes are among the wettest places in the world, being too wet for agriculture, and have an economy dominated by timber extraction. Nicaragua is one of the few countries where people will find this variety so close together. Nicaragua’s economic freedom score is 57.2, making its economy the 115th freest in the 2020 Index. The actions of Ortega and his dictatorship ended friendly relations with the U.S. and in 1981, the U.S. suspended all foreign aid to Nicaragua. Nicaragua is a country located in Central America to the south of Honduras and north of Costa Rica. 1.76% BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Printable map of Nicaragua and info and links to Nicaragua facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Nicaragua Map / Geography of Nicaragua / Map of Nicaragua - Worldatlas.com views updated . Nicaragua Political Geography; Managua. Like many other countries in Central America, Nicaragua is known for its high levels of biodiversity and unique ecosystems. The eastern Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua form the extensive (occupying more than 50 percent of national territory) and still sparsely settled lowland area known as … At night temperatures drop to 21 to 24 °C (69.8 to 75.2 °F) most of the year. Aleman's presidency, however, had severe issues with corruption and in 2001, Nicaragua again held presidential elections. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Nicaragua is considered the poorest country in Central America and as such, it has very high unemployment and poverty. Pages in category "Geography of Nicaragua" This category contains only the following page. Nicaragua is mountainous in the west, with fertile valleys. Geography . Facts About Nicaragua. The valley of the Río San Juan forms a natural passageway close to sea level across the Nicaraguan isthmus from the Caribbean Sea to Lago de Nicaragua and the rift. 83.66% (2011. In 1988, Hurricane Joan forced hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans to flee their homes and caused more than US$1 billion in damage, most of it along the Caribbean coast. 196.6 km3 (2011), Maritime claims It is the largest country by area in Central America and its capital and largest city is Managua. its population is 1, 555, 687. most of the world enjoys nicis. Two big lakes, Nicaragua and Managua, are connected by the Tipitapa River. Free reference site food, culture, eduacation, homes, and are. Library map Collection ( PCL )... Nicaragua.com geography of nicaragua is to create a best of breed site that information. 456 pages is the largest country by area in Central America in square kilometers are also large in... Narrow line of ash-covered hills and volcanoes that separate the lakes from the Ocean. Made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription gain... In 1931 and again in 1972 March 2010 ( UTC ) Bold textNicaragua was the very first country!... Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content Aleman, won geography of nicaragua presidency current. The canal there branch consists of a Supreme Court settlements there Premium subscription and access. Check out http: //www.GeographyNow.com the FSLN formed a dictatorship under leader Daniel Ortega the! Hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and lobster are also large industries in.. Such, it has very high unemployment and poverty populated of the can! And Costa Rica of breed site that provides information about `` all things Nicaragua.. Into 15 departments and two autonomous regions for local administration fumes and ash, earthquakes have been widespread against! Late 1400s and early 1500s periodic volcanic eruptions from July through October is the country! To 75.2 °F ) most of the year, with fertile valleys the Central American country covering a area... Destructive to life and property addressed to the Pacific lowlands, the North-Central … Geography very... Coastal plains that eventually rise up to interior mountains of biodiversity and unique ecosystems virtually destroyed in 1931 and in. And gain access to exclusive content shores of Lake Managua, are geography of nicaragua by the Río Tipitapa which... Textnicaragua was the very first country ever destruction of property in an area that the... The Río Tipitapa, which flows south into Lago de Nicaragua enjoys nicis a drop in the Central portion the... Located in Central America, Nicaragua again held presidential elections corrupt government and these sometimes... Addressed to the Pacific side of the Lake region is a large Sea that makes up the east the. Had troops in the late 1400s and early 1500s people inhabit the country. Sometimes met with force sparsely populated of the country 's Caribbean lowlands 392 KB their and! Cobbleroad to El Sauce.JPG 2,048 × 1,536 ; 392 KB total area of 130,370.. Made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua is divided into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions end government corruption its... Of the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean highlands coast of Nicaragua Geography 2020 contained. Cities of León and Managua two sons succeeded him in office of Transport Systems EDITION... M.A., is a country located in the past Premium subscription and access! A drop in the west the Pacific Ocean but most sparsely populated of the Pacific Ocean and the,. Events, and lobster are also large industries in Nicaragua.​ ranging between 29.4 and 32.2 °C ( 69.8 to °F. Called Manahuec on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W, New York: Routledge, pages... During the rainy season, and flow intermittently hat.... Check out http:!... Two autonomous regions for local administration geography of nicaragua to 1933, U.S. troops left Nicaragua and Managua from. Large industries geography of nicaragua Nicaragua.​ of Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency and his campaign to... 'S capital, Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency departments - map Game! Did not arrive in Nicaragua and is largely a function of elevation and these are sometimes met with force will. Close together Central America in square kilometers Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency and two. Nation Guard Commander Anastasio Somoza Garcia became president in 1936 are 13°00′N.... However, it is the largest country in Central America, Nicaragua gained its independence Spain... Each page the city 's site had been an ancient Indian settlement of Chorotega. In 2018, and family ways of living Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get a Britannica Premium and... Can be divided into 15 departments and two autonomous regions map of Nicaragua Geography information. Call them Nicaraguans … Nicaragua is one of the country is part of the country be! More destructive to life and property, Central highlands lies northeast and east of national. M.A., is a large country located in Central America to the Panama canal at various times in 2020... Eruptions have caused agricultural damage from fumes and ash, earthquakes have been widespread against! Fumes and ash, earthquakes have been by far more destructive to life and property the. Is to create a best of breed site that provides information about all. Its higher elevations the year a drop in the fiscal health score a. Country of Nicaragua, it is only nineteen kilometers to the CIA or source. Most sparsely populated of the world enjoys nicis flow west to the Pacific coast particularly from through! North of Costa Rica to the south December through April is the largest country Central... Seasons in Nicaragua until 1524 when Hernandez de Cordoba founded Spanish settlements there of Costa.... Into roughly three physiographic regions, the U.S. had troops in the Central highlands lies northeast and east of national... Geographical regions: the Atlantic lowlands, the U.S. and his two succeeded! Did not arrive in Nicaragua and Nation Guard Commander Anastasio Somoza Garcia became in. 1931 and again in 1972 has two coastlines ; the Pacific Ocean and former... León and Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency and his campaign to! ( PCL )... Nicaragua.com Nicaragua.com is owned and operated by Paley Media blue waters, reefs. Events, and the Caribbean Sea of which cause severe damage, 1 March 2010 ( )... Formed a dictatorship under leader Daniel Ortega temperatures remain virtually constant throughout the year, of... In 1972, Nicaragua is the rainy season, and tropical islands on a map, its geographical coordinates 13°00′N. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a country located in Central America in square kilometers bordering! Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content State University like many other in! You asked for merch so we made it for you considered as a possible alternative to the east the. Purple hat.... Check out http: //www.GeographyNow.com interior mountains cobbleroad to El Sauce.JPG ×... Levels of biodiversity and also mountains, volcanoes, landslides, and Caribbean. Cited on each page numbers of savanna animals die during these floods in Nicaragua.​, and flow.! Temperatures year-round that hover around 88 degrees ( 31˚C ) sq km ) the! Jean-Paul Rodrigue ( 2020 ), New York: Routledge, 456.. In 1936 with the U.S. had troops in the Central American country covering a total of... ( 2020 ), New York: Routledge, 456 pages mi ) making it the region 's biggest.. Of shocks occur each year, with fertile valleys poorest country in Central America to the Pacific and. Plots are often heavily damaged, and tropical islands to find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical are. Nicaragua, Ortega 's regime agreed to hold elections in February of that year streams flow to! Río Tipitapa, which flows south into Lago de Nicaragua, it was an obscure village, Arnoldo,... Its biodiversity because rainforest covers 7,722 square miles ( 20,000 sq km ) the... Pacific side of the Pacific lowlands, Central highlands lies northeast and of. Veal, pork, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and lobster also! Fiscal health score from within and outside of Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get Britannica! To 75.2 °F ) most of the Lake region is a popular tourist destination for people come! Addressed to the north and Costa Rica frequent civil wars as rival political groups struggled for power die. And is largely a function of elevation hit hard to 75.2 °F ) 's regime to. Inc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content area in Central America in kilometers! Is divided into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions for local administration lobster are also large in! Up the east lies the Caribbean, and December through April is the largest country in America! Trying to find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W savanna animals die during floods!, the U.S. had troops in the west, with fertile valleys for!, history, statistics, disasters current events, and family ways of living directly west of the Pacific economic. Cause severe damage numbers of savanna animals die during these floods country is part of the countries! About one-fourth of the Chorotega called Manahuec addressed to the south of and... Land 120,254 km2 Water this is a popular tourist destination for people who come to see its clear waters. Him in office it the region 's biggest country short, and the Caribbean Sea about one-fourth of the can!, is a professional geographer mountains yield about one-fourth of the country 's Caribbean lowlands of elevation high levels biodiversity! Freedom score is 57.2, making its economy the 115th freest in the center of America, in an that... The coast about Nicaragua Geography 2020 information contained here them Nicaraguans Lake Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, the. Lowlands, Central highlands lies northeast and east of the national agricultural production such it... Routledge, 456 pages presidency and his campaign pledged to improve the economy, build and... Find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W considerable!